2014 (in preparation)
The digital museum
THE MUSEUM... series
With the appearance and the democratization of the computer, in the 1960s, many artists, happy to seize this object and to make it a new artistic medium, emerged. Images, collages, 3d, videos, Net Art, software art, interactive objects, multimedia facades... digital art, in perpetual renewal, can take many forms. Organized around thematic chapters (Images, Sculptures, Videos etc.), the digital MUSEUM presents 70 of these innovative artists.
• Paul Brown • Bruce Wands • Leon Harmon et Ken Knowlton • Sherban Épuré • Jean-Pierre Hébert • Manfred Mohr • Michael Trott • Roman Verostko • Charles A. Csuri • Jean-Pierre Hébert • Margret Eicher • Mark Wilson • Vera Molnar • Yoshiyuki Abe...
• "Computer versus pencil: practice, research, theory" [p. 17]
Anna Ursyn, PhD Professor, School of Art and Design, University of Northern Colorado, USA
• "The artist as critic : art writing in Scotland 1960-1990" [p. 71]
Thompson, Susannah Catherine, PhD thesis.
“S-BANDS” AN EXHIBITION OF ANALOG AND DIGITAL ART
Bruce Wands, Curator, Chair of the MFA Computer Art Department at the School of Visual Arts, New York
Feast for the eyes and mind
Computer-generated images began more than 50 years ago
By Alan G. Artner | Tribune critic
January 31, 2008
The first "must-see" exhibition of 2008 is a survey of a kind of art that began more than a half century ago and has thrived in recent decades though has not had an overview in the Chicago area before this revelatory effort that occupied organizers eight years.
"Imaging by Numbers: A Historical View of the Computer Print," at Northwestern University's Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, presents the development of a way of working that grew from the optimism of 1950s mathematicians and engineers and, despite the perpetual clamor for something "new" in the art world, has remained cutting edge.
All of the 39 North American and European artists represented have used clear step-by-step procedures to get computers to draw images.
Still, visual complexity remains an unspoken standard, so even when more recent works appear abstruse (Hans Dehlinger, Sherban Epure, Jason Salavon) they feed the eye as well as nourish the mind.
Bruce Wands, Art in the Digital
Era, (London , Thames and Hudson) pp. 10 & 33.
This aptly named book provides a broad overview and sampling of digital art. Editor Wands (chair, master of fine arts computer art department, Sch. of Visual Arts; Digital Creativity) ably traces the history of digital art, then outlines in several chapters various areas of the field—digital imaging; digital sculpture; digital installation and virtual reality; performance, music, and sound art; software, database, and game art; “net art”; and the future of digital art. Each chapter includes a sampling of photographs by emerging and established artists, although the field is so new that it appears to be difficult to make an honest distinction.
Dans une édition claire et richement illustrée, l’artiste et professeur Bruce Wands expose les enjeu actuels de l’art numérique, et ses modes d’application : image, vidéo, sculpture, installation ou performance.
SHERBAN EPURÉ, "CONDOTIERRE", 2003. Inkjet, Print, Variable Dimmensions.
Sherban Epuré uses the term "meta-phorms" to describe the results of his mathematically based image-generating process. This work produced using algorithms, is formed by interaction of colour with a simple geometric shape. One intent of Epuré's imaging is to forge a link between Western technology and Eastern spirituality. page10.
... New digital techniques can be considered as the latest step in an evolutionary process; where traditional drawing and painting methods are constrained by the limitations of physical technique, and photography and video rely on lens-based technologies, digital imaging incorporates elements of mathematical computation and mechanical precision, making possible a whole range of styles from photorealism to pure mathematical abstraction.
The earliest digital printmakers needed to programme the computer before making their drawings because first-generation graphics software did not have interface. After programming, images were output through the use of plotters-devices that draw pictures on paper with a variety of pens or brushes controlled by digital motors. The use of programming to create images continues to the present day, and artist such as Paul Brown (pp. 44-45), Sherban Epuré (p.10), Jean-Pierre Hébert (pp.13,38), Manfred Mohr (pp. 25,63), Michael Trott and Roman Verostko (p.70) all use programming as an integral part of their creative process. ... page33.
Leonardo, vol.34, #5, the MIT Press, The Ninth New York Digital Salon.
• Who's Who
Romanians in America, Danway Publications, Montreal, Canada.
• Leonardo, vol.33, #5, the MIT Press. The Eighth New York Digital Salon.
Leonardo, vol.32, #5, the MIT Press. The Seventh New York Digital Salon.
Solberg, Critical note, at the Fifth Annual New York
has created a composition that visually astonishes and intrigues the
viewer. He begins with "mathematical essences" that then
creates his art through a process that he terms a "surprising virtual nature".
His algorithms"create his images". His goal is to bring
about a meeting of Western technology and Eastern spirituality.
• Leonardo, vol.30, #5, the MIT Press. The Fifth New York Digital Salon.
• Leonardo, vol.29, #5, the MIT Press. The Fourth New York Digital
Sozanski, The Galleries' Review, The Philadelphia
February 16, Philadelphia.
who is also in the Silicon Gallery show, is a pure computer artist,
and an unusually imaginative one. His large laser prints express a strong
computer-generated personality but they also indicate that Epuré thinks
primarily like a painter, not a computer jock."
• A letter from Prof. Dr. Georg Nees, Erlangen, Germany:
..." The material you sent me is that rich and important, that it has gotten
an extra file in my private library. What was the real surprise o course,
is the copy of Connaissance des arts - 264 - fevrier 1974, proving our
that early companionship in exhibiting computer art. So you are a real
pioneer of computer art!!!
What I admire highly, is your ability to invent innovative canons
of form. Your handling of the circle segment not only as syntactic
basic element, but your using it as the esthetic skeleton for
designing even the human gestalt, this is amazing... So you have found
yourself your personal language and writing of form, what is a rare
event, I think. The collection of pages, labeled by "Research of primitives
as an intersection of a flux of stimuli and a curve with feedback",
this was and is my favorite"...
• Leonardo, vol.28, #5, the MIT Press 1995. The Third New York Digital Salon.
• Click, the
brightest in computer generated illustrations, North Light Books,
Simone, Artistic Software, How Magazine,
Ianuary/ February, NY.
Garza, Electronics, oil paint and art,
Mac Week, May 23.
• Verbum Magazine, Gallery, July, San Diego, CA.
• How Magazine, July, NY.
• Step by Step Graphics, March/April.
• Ionel Jianou, Romanian Artists in the West, Artist presentation, Paris, France,
published by the American Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences, USA:
to his sound scientific and philosophical training, his gifts as a painter
and his determination, Sherban Epuré is prominent in the field of research
aiming to transpose technological invention into artistic creation."
Dan Haulica, Hard Rigor, Secolul 20, #4, Bucharest:
elaborations of forms by Sherban Epuré homologated by outstanding foreign
commentators as " fundamental research" deriving from certain forerunners
like Pierro dela Francesca, for instance."...
Charbonnier, L'ordinateur au service de l'art, Connaissance des Arts, #264, Paris:
conclusion: the progress in handling and creating programs is constant. So far a genuine suppleness is being conferred to the instrument. The results obtained by the Romanian researcher Sherban Epuré are
significant in this respect." page 73.
Click for a magnified view.
Mereuta, Romanian Art Throughout the World, Arta #9, Bucharest.
Garofeanu, The 8th Bienniale of Paris, Arta #6, Bucharest.
Horsia, Profile-Sherban Epuré, Flacara,
Cosma, The Year XXX, Arta #5, Bucharest.
Lonchampt, Art and Computer at Sigma of Bordeaux, Le Monde,
November 30, Paris:
.."Alongside the fundamental works
like Sherban's Epuré analysis of marked outlines which call in mind Leonardo
da Vinci's famous drawings books... One can see here the point of contact
of an artistic idea in the programmed intersection of two notions."
Prut, The 7th Biennial of Paris, Contemporanul, September 3, Bucharest.
• Sherban Epuré
- Profile, the catalogue of the 25th Edinburgh International
Jubilee Festival at the Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh:
is the cybernetic 2 and 3 dimensional work by Sherban Epuré which will
form, themselves into a little room for the exhibition - a complete
environment with original music by Aurel Stroe. Epuré is the rare
bird, the mathematician and the poet in one."
• Radu Varia, At Edinburgh"the Romanian Week, Contemporanul, September
Oliver, Grass Roots Genius, The Scotsman, September 1 Edinburgh.
Gage, Demarco stages rewarding and virile folk art, The Scotsman, August 30, Edinbourgh.
Oliver, Contemporary Romanian Art, The Scotsman, August 23, Edinburgh:
more or less infinitely variable program of folding colored striped
paper - "the more you fold, the more the form of the band changes, the
colored stripes are destroyed and recomposed" - offers a way of exploring
form that is both universally simple and yet capable of yielding complex
and fascinating results."
• Radu Varia, Letter from Bucharest, Studio International, July/August
artist, Sherban Epuré from Bucharest, has studied since 1969 the problem
of aesthetic message and the cybernetic character of the relationship
between man and a work of art. At the same time he has composed an aesthetic
structure (S-Band) capable of suggesting a cybernetic interaction brought
about by handling it. The bands can be imagined as small machines for
inventing art forms, but which invent more the greater the interest
of the person working with them. This interest increases in turn with
the exploration of the band."...
Guerst, Romania, Opus International # 23,
..."Sherban Epuré se perd dans les metamorphoses d'un petit rectangle
qu'il deplie, deforme, transforme. Son materiel: un carton, 4 cotes,
2 faces, et une infinite de pliures possibles, infini limite a trouver.
Ses realisations: de grandes toiles, projections de ses maquettes de
depart, propositions abstraites, un seul ordre inlassablement decompose,
Boudaille, The Vanguard in Romania, Lettres Francaises, # 2369,
rencontre, celle de Sherban Epuré qui est venu m'expliquer les possibilites
infinie de ses pliages. Pour un pli, il y a trois positions du triangle
(voir illustration). Lorsque le nombre d'elements croit, le nombre des
combinaisons possible devient aleatoire. Il s'agit la, evidemment, de
recherches purement theoriques que Epuré visualise par un jeu de bandes
colorees, en presentant un certain nombre de combinaisons sous des pochettes
plastiques soudees en une bande qui descend du mur et parcourt le sol.
Recherche formelle de mathematicien dont les applications plastiques
Rogoz, Arta Programativã, Stiinta si Technica, June, Bucharest.
Barbosa, Vanguard and Anachronism, Contemporanul, April 16, Bucharest.
Anastasiu, Two Young Exhibitors, Romania Libera, March 3, Bucharest.
Barbosa, Sherban Epuré - Diet Sayler, Contemporanul, February 20, Bucharest.
Axmann, Struktur und Expansionstendentz, Neuer
Weg, February 19.
Various articles by: P. Comarnescu, N. Argintescu - Amza, I. Mereutã, E.Schileru,
R. Rupea, Cr. Anastasiu.